Emily Y. Horton
I'm currently doing fieldwork on the social and ecological dimensions of small-scale fisheries governance in a marine protected area in Northeastern Brazil (Maranhão).
My research draws from the natural and social sciences, as well as the visual arts (participatory photography), to understand how fisheries governance intersects with considerations of wellbeing, sustainability, and gender.
Research is being carried out with support from a Fulbright U.S. Scholar grant and my Brazilian hosting university - Universidade Estadual do Maranhão/Graduate Program in Aquatic Resources and Fisheries.
Budding Intellectual Influences and Interests:
Current Research in Maranhão, Brazil
My research centers on environmental governance and "zangaria" (pictured below), a type of small-scale fishing that plays an important role in many residents' well-being, particularly in terms of food security and livelihoods. As part of this, I'm studying the potential impacts of a seasonal zangaria fishing ban on local wellbeing.
Similar to global trends in fisheries, laboral roles can be highly gendered in the area I work, with women commonly preparing food. I'm interested in studying potential fishing-ban impacts upon residents' wellbeing and examining to what degree these impacts appear mediated by gender, particularly in terms of food security. Women also commonly cultivate plants used for subsistence, medicinal, and commercial purposes. Above, the liquid from urucu seeds (Bixa orellana) is being extracted for culinary use.
One component of my research incorporates fish sampling, along with ethnoecological interviews, to understand how the fishing ban aligns with the temporal ecological patterns of species identified as important by local and governmental actors.